Some peptides do require carriers, whether they are liposomal or chaperone molecules,  while other peptides will penetrate a cell without any help at all. Peptides can activate cells in many different ways.

  • Some peptides must penetrate the cell membrane to act in the cytoplasm (inside the cell) or organelles within the cells
  • Others are only meant to bind to receptors on the cell surface
  • Some peptides can create a reaction in the extracellular matrix (outside of the cell) that will, in turn, produce an outcome from the cell.
  • There is a class of peptides known as carrier peptides!  New treatments are utilizing cell-penetrating peptides to carry other molecules (that cannot penetrate) into the cells.

Each peptide has a specific destination.  Viktoria De’Ann employs only the correct tools necessary to deliver each peptide to the correct cellular target.  For instance, Rejuvenator utilizes phosphatidylcholine a phospholipid, while some of our other treatments use carrier molecules.

Below you will find full-text public links to help understand some of the terminologies discussed above.

Cell Penetrating Peptides:

Carrier molecules:       


Last Update: October 19, 2018  

October 19, 2018 459  FAQ’s